Primary Healthcare in Low-Income Countries: The Current Scenario and Future Directions

Primary Healthcare in Low-Income Countries: The Current Scenario and Future Directions

Primary healthcare represents the first point of contact for individuals within the healthcare system. It is crucial for promoting overall health and preventing disease, particularly in low-income countries and healthcare systems, where resources are limited and health inequalities are widespread.

The Current Scenario: Primary Healthcare in Palestine

Palestine offers an illuminating case study when looking at primary healthcare in low-income countries. A combination of conflict, occupation, and economic instability has resulted in significant healthcare challenges. Because of this, chronic diseases, maternal-child health issues, and mental health conditions are prevalent, highlighting the need for strong primary healthcare.

However, providing primary healthcare in developing countries like Palestine is fraught with obstacles. One major issue is the shortage of healthcare workers in developing countries. There is a healthcare worker shortage in many countries around the world, which has only been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Barriers to Healthcare Access

The combination of poverty, conflict, and geographical remoteness compounds the issue of healthcare access in developing countries. For instance, many Palestinians living in remote areas or refugee camps face significant challenges in accessing primary healthcare services. Refugees and displaced persons often struggle with high healthcare costs and limited availability of services.

One of the main barriers to access to healthcare in Palestine, specifically, is that Israel controls many of the borders of Palestinian territories. Because of this, it is difficult to get access to crucial medical supplies as well as have enough trained healthcare workers to meet the demand in the area.

Solutions to Poor Healthcare in Developing Countries

Addressing the complexities of primary healthcare in developing countries necessitates multifaceted strategies. Some potential solutions include:

  1. Strengthening Health Systems: Improving infrastructure, expanding the healthcare workforce, and ensuring a steady supply of essential medicines are fundamental steps in improving healthcare in low-income countries.
  2. Enhancing Accessibility: Initiatives to lower costs, improve transport to health facilities, and expand services to remote areas can help enhance healthcare access.
  3. Increasing Investment: Greater investment in primary healthcare, both domestically and internationally, can contribute to more sustainable and robust health systems.
  4. Fostering Partnerships: Collaborations between governments, NGOs, and the private sector can provide additional resources and expertise to support primary healthcare services.

The Future of Primary Healthcare in Low-Income Countries

Improving primary healthcare in low-income countries requires commitment, creativity, and cooperation from all stakeholders. While primary healthcare in low-income countries faces immense challenges, there is also great potential for positive change. By addressing the shortage of healthcare workers, improving access, breaking the cycle of poverty and poor health, and implementing comprehensive solutions, we can create stronger, more equitable healthcare systems that promote the well-being of all individuals.

The Palestine Children’s Relief Fund (PCRF) continues to provide humanitarian aid and medical relief to children and their families—some of whom are refugees fleeing their home countries—through our pediatric cancer departments, humanitarian aid programs and projects, pediatric mental health initiatives, hospital infrastructure projects, orphan and refugee sponsorships, medical sponsorships, treatment abroad program, and medical missions. These efforts help to ensure that children in need get the vital assistance they require.

PCRF has a committee of volunteer doctors and specialists on our Medical Advisory Board who are dedicated to building up services through training, programs, and guiding PCRF to improve the quality of pediatric care in Palestine, Lebanon, and other areas in the Middle East.


PCRF is not a political or religious organization. Our mission is to provide medical and humanitarian relief collectively and individually to Arab children throughout the Middle East, regardless of their nationality, politics, or religion. We rely on charitable giving to provide medical treatment, surgeries, safety, shelter, and support to children and their families in Palestine and the Levant. Find out how you can get involved and help make a difference in children’s lives today!