The Psychological Impact of Conflict on Children

The Psychological Impact of Conflict on Children

Around the globe, countless children in conflict zones are facing severe adversity. The horrifying scenes of war and its resulting chaos often lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Childhood PTSD is a significant concern for these young victims.

The symptoms of PTSD may vary between individuals but often include flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable thoughts about the event. This disorder significantly impacts the child's mental health and overall development, leading to a spectrum of disorders, including war-induced childhood anxiety and depression.

Understanding the Psychological Trauma in Children Due to War

War and conflict situations expose children to horrifying experiences and life-threatening conditions, inducing significant psychological trauma in children. These experiences of childhood trauma due to war disrupt their cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development.

The impact of conflict on child psychology is profound and long-lasting. It often results in maladaptive behaviors, difficulties in emotion regulation, and impaired interpersonal relationships. Children affected by war exhibit high levels of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress symptoms.

These conflicts also significantly impact the children's education, leading to missed school days, disruptions in learning, and, in many instances, complete dropout. The ripple effect of these issues can negatively influence their future job prospects and overall life trajectory.

Long-Term Effects of War on Children

The long-term effects of war on children can be devastating. In addition to immediate physical injuries, children may also experience a range of mental health issues due to the conflict. 

Child mental health and war are interconnected, and the psychological impact can last well into adulthood. Research has consistently shown that children exposed to conflict have higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders, more significant cognitive and developmental delays, and higher tendencies toward aggression and antisocial behavior.

The Need for Psychological Support for Children in Conflict Zones

There is an urgent requirement to provide psychological support for children in conflict zones to mitigate the long-lasting impact of these traumatic experiences. These support systems can include individual and group therapy, cognitive-behavioral techniques, trauma-focused interventions, and supportive educational environments.

Programs offering these services aim to restore a sense of normalcy, safety, and predictability in children's lives. They help children process their experiences and equip them with tools to manage their emotions and behaviors.

Protecting Children's Well-Being in Conflict Zones

The effects of conflict on children's well-being are devastating and far-reaching. However, with the right support and intervention, it is possible to reduce these effects and help children on their path toward recovery. As members of the international community, we must prioritize and act urgently to support the mental health needs of children in conflict zones and safeguard their future.

By spreading awareness about these issues and supporting initiatives that focus on mental health interventions, we can make a difference in the lives of these children, helping them overcome their traumatic experiences and thrive despite their challenging circumstances.


The Palestine Children’s Relief Fund (PCRF) continues to provide humanitarian aid and medical relief to children and their families — some of whom are refugees fleeing their home countries — through our pediatric cancer departments, humanitarian aid programs and projects, hospital infrastructure projects, orphan and refugee sponsorships, medical sponsorships, treatment abroad program, and medical missions. These efforts help to ensure that children in need get the vital assistance they require.

Following the bombings of Gaza in 2014, PCRF established a pediatric mental health program to support traumatized children. Since then, we have expanded the program to include the victims of violence and those with diseases like cancer. This program has been helping thousands of children and families in Gaza to better manage the anxiety, stress, and challenges of life under siege and occupation.

PCRF has a committee of volunteer doctors and specialists on our Medical Advisory Board who are dedicated to building up services through training, programs, and guiding PCRF to improve the quality of pediatric care in Palestine, Lebanon, and other areas in the Middle East.

PCRF is not a political or religious organization. Our mission is to provide medical and humanitarian relief collectively and individually to Arab children throughout the Middle East, regardless of their nationality, politics, or religion. We rely on charitable giving to provide medical treatment, surgeries, safety, shelter, and support to children and their families in Palestine and the Levant. Find out how you can get involved and help make a difference in children’s lives today!